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Mongol Daguur

Geographical Coordinates
49°42’ N, 115°06’ E

Geographical Location
Province Dornod, close to the state border of Mongolia/Russia, borders the Russian Daursky Nature Reserve.

Area:  210,000 ha

Altitude: 636 m

Wetland Type
Ramsar classification -  1a, 2a, 3a, 2c, 2b, 1c, 2d, 3b, 3c

Overview
It belongs to a unique combination of vast and natural arid steppes and large wetlands, it is biologically interesting and ecologically important places. Most of the northern part consists of hilly steppes and swamps on the southern shore of Lake Tari, while the southern part covers a strip of the Ud River and its swamps with a high density of nesting White-naped cranes.
Created on December 8, 1997.

PHYSICAL FEATURES
Set in a basin formed by tectonic and volcanic activity, the site includes vast steppes, marshy wetlands, rivers and lakes. The site consists of two parts: vast steppes with hills on the south bank and to the west of the lake West Torey; the second is marshy part of the Ulz River floodplain, 30 km long.

NOTEWORTHY FLORA
There are about 300 species of plants and 100 of them are rare and of medicinal value.

NOTEWORTHY FAUNA
Both parts play a significant role as a place for nesting and rest of migratory birds for many species of water birds. 260 bird species use the site for staging, breeding or wintering. Mongol Daguur is the only site in Mongolia where six species of crane can be observed at the same time. The place holds a significant proportion of the global breeding population of whitenaped crane (Grus vipio) and swan goose (Anser cygnoides). Other Globally Threatened species occurring at the site are Siberian crane (Grus leucogeranus), hooded crane (G. monacha), red-crowned crane (G. japonensis), great bustard (Otis tarda), relict gull (Larus relictus) and marsh grassbird (Locustella pryeri). The site also supports an assemblage of species restricted to the Eurasian steppe and desert biome. The larger lakes support tens of thousands of moulting water birds in summer. Daurian hedgehog (Mesechinus dauuricus), which is a species listed in the Red Data Book of Mongolia, is very common at the site. In addition, Mongolian gazelle (Procapra gutturosa) is found everywhere and can form herds of hundreds or thousands of animals. Siberian marmot (Marmota sibirica), red fox (Vulpes vulpes), corsac fox (V. corsac) and grey wolf (Canis lupus) also occur.

HUMAN USE AND CONSERVATION MEASURES
Semi-nomadic, animal husbandry is the principal livelihood of the local population. Crop production is also practiced. Two visit centres in the reserve started to operate to promote ecotourism, but there is a lack of qualified staff. During the drought periods, wetlands are severely impacted by cattle and water birds may cease to breed. The Russia-Mongolia-China Dauria Protected Area (DIPA) was founded at the junction of borders between Russia, Mongolia and China in 1994. Four specially protected nature areas of three countries were combined to create DIPA: Daursky Zapovednik and Tsasucheisky Bor National Wildlife Refuge under Zapovednik management in Chitinskaya oblast of Russia; Mongol Daguur Strictly Protected Area in Dornod aimag of Mongolia; and the Dalai Lake National Nature Reserve in China.

SOURCE
© Wetlands International, 1998
Nyambayar, B. and Tseveenmyadag, N. etc. (2009).
Directory of Important Bird Areas in Mongolia: Key Sites for Conservation.
Ulaanbaatar: Wildlife Science and Conservation Center, Institute of Biology and Bird Life International.