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Qixing river reserve

Geographical Coordinates
46°44’17 N 132°14’E (46º40’ - 46º52’ N, 132º05’ - 132º26’ E)

Geographical Location
The Heilongjiang Qixing River National Nature Reserve is located in Northeast China. It has 40 km away from Baoqing County.

Area :    20,000 ha

Altitude:   54 m

Wetland Type
Ramsar classification -   M, Tp, Ts, U

Overview
The Qixing River National Nature Reserve is representative of the inland freshwater marsh type in Northeast Asia. The site is recognized as one of the best preserved
natural wetland areas in China, and supports a diversity of wetland plants and animals, including many waterbirds that also breed there.
Created on January 9, 2011

PHYSICAL FEATURES
The large-scale reed marshes in this site are one of the most important in the Sanjiang Plain (Northeastern China Region). Qixing River is the mainly surface river length of about 56 km run through this area. More than 20 marshes/pools distribute in this reserve. The area has a sub-humid warm temperate continental monsoon climate. The annual average temperature is 2,3 - 2,4°С and annual rainfall is 551,5 mm. The extremely highest temperature is 37,2°С and the lowest one is -37,2°С. 85,3% precipitation concentrated between April and September. Frost-free period is about 143 days.

ECOLOGICAL FEATURES
Qixing River National Nature Reserve has a remarkable ability of water storage and flood control. The diverse wetland types at this site provide important habitats for many species, including 388 plant species, 201 birds (including 80 waterbirds), 35 mammals, 10 amphibians and reptiles, and 18 fish species. More that 1% of the population of 9 waterbirds species is present at the site. The Qixing River wetland reserve has typical micro-climate characteristics, which play significant role to adjust climate change of reserve and surrounding areas, sustain ground water levels, cleaning the air and so on. The mainly vegetation types are meadows, swamp and aquatic vegetations. The rich biodiversity can provide germplasm resource for the development of agriculture, forestry and aquaculture in the region.

NOTEWORTHY FAUNA
This site supports 29 threatened species of which 3 are mammals and 26 are birds such as Siberian crane, Oriental stork, red-crowned crane, scaly-sided merganser and Baer’s pochard. The reserve is important breeding site for nationally protected Eurasian spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia). According the survey, the population Eurasian spoonbills was increased by every year. Such as, only 371 Eurasian spoonbills were bred in 2008, and 1075 Eurasian spoonbills in 2013.

HUMAN USE
The Wetland is an ideal base for scientific research, education and popularization of wetland conservation. The site is now developing the ecology tourism including conducted a project of 2,000 meters trestle bridge and established a reception center. Presently, it is open to people from May to October.
 
THREATENING AND DISTURBING FACTORS
Agricultural activities and sewage discharge in surrounding region of the site is potential threat to this wetlands.
    
CONSERVATION MEASURES
The wetlands in this site are now under strict protection. Protect this wetland from illegal activities such as fishing, hunting and so on. Qixing River National Nature Reserve was established in 1991, and the reserve was raised to National Reserve status in 2000. Since the establishment of protected areas, reserve administration has constructed infrastructure facilities in order to scientific protection and management. The project of Research of Qixing River Wetland Biodiversity Characteristics and Aquatic Environment Ecology Values has being implemented in 2015, which will sustain 3 years and invest 500,000 yuan. The reserve also keeps monitoring ecotope of this area such as water quality and quantity.