Pine nuts in Primorsky Province: Challenges and Opportunities
Amur-Heilong temperate mixed forests are the most biologically diverse temperate forests in Asia, and especially the mixed conifer broadleaved forest of Primorsky province (also known as Ussuri Taiga) harbors the greatest diversity (Simonov and Dahmer, 2008). Over-logging and wildfires are among the main threats these forests are facing nowadays, and climate change is introducing new disturbing factors such as
diseases or drought events. Thus, new management strategies are needed for the conservation of these mixed conifer broadleaved forest. In this sense, multifunctional forest management practices are a key land use strategy, capable of meeting divergent societal interests, supporting forestry practices acceptable to different social groups, and remaining consistent with the principles of sustainable development (Schmithüsen, 2007).
Obtained from multifunctional forests, non-wood forest products (NWFP) are of importance for the development of rural areas. In Russian Far East, especially in Primorsky province, collection of non-wood forest products is very prevalent such as the gathering of nuts, wild berries and other edible, medicinal or aromatic plants, or beekeeping practices. The benefit from those uses offers possibilities for forest management and conservation strategies, contributes to the sustainable development of these areas and gives livelihood options for rural household needs in rural areas. Often, non-wood product forests are collected individually and sold directly to sustain familiar economies.
One of the most relevant NWFP foraged from Ussuri Taiga are pine nuts. The collection of Korean pine cones and the extraction of their edible seeds, known as pine nuts, is an example of sustainable economic activity based on local natural resources. It creates strong incentives to protect forest ecosystems while creating sources of livelihoods in rural communities.
The main objective of this paper is hence to assess the current status of the pine nuts sector of Primorsky province, and the obstacles and challenges it is currently facing, for identifying the gaps between the needs of the sector and the current conditions, and to suggest the ways to promote an improved institutional and regulatory context, and a possible portfolio of market strategies, both domestic and international.
File: Pine nuts in Primorsky_082019.pdf