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Experts opinion

Experts opinion

  • Нормер - 1 Articles 8 news
    TIMBER EXPORT FROM THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST 2004-2014: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR RESPONSIBLE TIMBER TRADE
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    (
        [name] => TIMBER EXPORT FROM THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST 2004-2014: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR RESPONSIBLE TIMBER TRADE
        [code] => timber-export-from-the-russian-far-east-2004-2014-recommendations-for-responsible-timber-trade
        [preview_picture] => 
        [preview_text] => 
        [file_name] => eng-forest-export-article-october-2015.pdf
        [src] => /upload/iblock/3e0/eng-forest-export-article-october-2015.pdf
        [type] => inner
        [author] => Elena Feditchkina Tracy, 2015
        [path] => /en/docs/expert/timber-export-from-the-russian-far-east-2004-2014-recommendations-for-responsible-timber-trade/
    )
                                    
    Author:

    Elena Feditchkina Tracy, 2015

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    EXPORTING MONGOLIAN OAK FROM RUSSIAN FAR EAST 2004-2014
                                        Array
    (
        [name] => EXPORTING MONGOLIAN OAK FROM RUSSIAN FAR EAST 2004-2014
        [code] => exporting-mongolian-oak-from-russian-far-east-2004-2014
        [preview_picture] => 
        [preview_text] => An analytical brief, by WWF Russia Amur Branch
        [file_name] => mongolian-oak-export-from-rfe.pdf
        [src] => /upload/iblock/f32/mongolian-oak-export-from-rfe.pdf
        [type] => inner
        [author] => Elena Feditchkina, 2015
        [path] => /en/docs/expert/exporting-mongolian-oak-from-russian-far-east-2004-2014/
    )
                                    
    Author:

    Elena Feditchkina, 2015

    An analytical brief, by WWF Russia Amur Branch

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    Environmental risks to Sino-Russian transboundary cooperation: from brown plans to a green strategy.
                                        Array
    (
        [name] => Environmental risks to Sino-Russian transboundary cooperation: from brown plans to a green strategy.
        [code] => environmental-risks-to-sino-russian-transboundary-cooperation-from-brown-plans-to-a-green-strategy
        [preview_picture] => /upload/iblock/3c2/experts_opinion_article1.jpg
        [preview_text] => Environmental risks to Sino-Russian transboundary cooperation: from brown plans to a green strategy. WWF’s Trade and Investment Programme report. Evgeny Simonov, Evgeny Shvarts, Lada Progunova (Eds.). Moscow-Vladivostok: WWF, 2011

    This publication is part of a series of reports by WWF’s Trade and Investment Programme. The objective of the series is to identify the factors of the greening of growth in the key emerging economies (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa etc.), including their participation in international trade and investments, and to establish cooperation amongst the respective actors. [file_name] => rus_china_web.pdf [src] => /upload/iblock/9a8/rus_china_web.pdf [type] => inner [author] => Evgeny Simonov, Evgeny Shvarts, Lada Progunova (Eds.), 2011 [path] => /en/docs/expert/environmental-risks-to-sino-russian-transboundary-cooperation-from-brown-plans-to-a-green-strategy/ )
    Author:

    Evgeny Simonov, Evgeny Shvarts, Lada Progunova (Eds.), 2011

    Environmental risks to Sino-Russian transboundary cooperation: from brown plans to a green strategy. WWF’s Trade and Investment Programme report. Evgeny Simonov, Evgeny Shvarts, Lada Progunova (Eds.). Moscow-Vladivostok: WWF, 2011

    This publication is part of a series of reports by WWF’s Trade and Investment Programme. The objective of the series is to identify the factors of the greening of growth in the key emerging economies (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa etc.), including their participation in international trade and investments, and to establish cooperation amongst the respective actors.

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    Freshwater Ecosystems versus Hydropower Development: Environmental Assessments and Conservation Measures in the Transboundary Amur River Basin
                                        Array
    (
        [name] => Freshwater Ecosystems versus Hydropower Development: Environmental Assessments and Conservation Measures in the Transboundary Amur River Basin
        [code] => freshwater-ecosystems-versus-hydropower-development-environmental-assessments-and-conservation-measu
        [preview_picture] => /upload/iblock/974/pub_article_water_preview.jpg
        [preview_text] => Hydropower development causes a multitude of negative effects on freshwater ecosystems, and to prevent and minimize possible damage, environmental impact assessments must be conducted and optimal management scenarios designed. 
    The results of this work show how the initial avoidance and mitigation of hydropower impacts at early planning stages are more productive than the application of any measures during and after dam construction, that the assessment of hydropower impacts must be performed at a basin level rather than be limited to a project implementation site, and that the full spectrum of possible development scenarios should be considered. In addition, this project demonstrates that stakeholder analysis and robust public engagement are as crucial for the success of environmental assessments as scientific research is for the protection of river basins. [file_name] => water-11-01570.pdf [src] => /upload/iblock/260/water-11-01570.pdf [type] => inner [author] => Eugene A. Simonov, Oxana I. Nikitina and Eugene G. Egidarev, 2019 [path] => /en/docs/expert/freshwater-ecosystems-versus-hydropower-development-environmental-assessments-and-conservation-measu/ )
    Author:

    Eugene A. Simonov, Oxana I. Nikitina and Eugene G. Egidarev, 2019

    Hydropower development causes a multitude of negative effects on freshwater ecosystems, and to prevent and minimize possible damage, environmental impact assessments must be conducted and optimal management scenarios designed.
    The results of this work show how the initial avoidance and mitigation of hydropower impacts at early planning stages are more productive than the application of any measures during and after dam construction, that the assessment of hydropower impacts must be performed at a basin level rather than be limited to a project implementation site, and that the full spectrum of possible development scenarios should be considered. In addition, this project demonstrates that stakeholder analysis and robust public engagement are as crucial for the success of environmental assessments as scientific research is for the protection of river basins.

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    Pine nuts in Primorsky Province: Challenges and Opportunities
                                        Array
    (
        [name] => Pine nuts in Primorsky Province: Challenges and Opportunities
        [code] => pine-nuts-in-primorsky-province-challenges-and-opportunities
        [preview_picture] => /upload/iblock/af1/doc_article_pinenuts_preview.jpg
        [preview_text] => The Amur-Heilong temperate mixed forests are the most biologically diverse temperate forests in Asia, and especially the mixed conifer broadleaved forest of Primorsky province harbors the greatest diversity.
    Over-logging and wildfires are among the main threats these forests are facing nowadays, and climate change is introducing new disturbing factors such as diseases or drought events. Thus, new management strategies are needed for the conservation of these mixed conifer broadleaved forest.
    The main objective of this paper is hence to assess the current status of the pine nuts sector of Primorsky province, and the obstacles and challenges it is currently facing, for identifying the gaps between the needs of the sector and the current conditions, and to suggest the ways to promote an improved institutional and regulatory context, and a possible portfolio of market strategies, both domestic and international. [file_name] => Pine nuts in Primorsky_082019.pdf [src] => /upload/iblock/73b/Pine nuts in Primorsky_082019.pdf [type] => inner [author] => Rut Domènech, Evgeny Lepeshkin, Sven Mutke, Elena F. Tracy, Miriam Piqué, 2019 [path] => /en/docs/expert/pine-nuts-in-primorsky-province-challenges-and-opportunities/ )
    Author:

    Rut Domènech, Evgeny Lepeshkin, Sven Mutke, Elena F. Tracy, Miriam Piqué, 2019

    The Amur-Heilong temperate mixed forests are the most biologically diverse temperate forests in Asia, and especially the mixed conifer broadleaved forest of Primorsky province harbors the greatest diversity.
    Over-logging and wildfires are among the main threats these forests are facing nowadays, and climate change is introducing new disturbing factors such as diseases or drought events. Thus, new management strategies are needed for the conservation of these mixed conifer broadleaved forest.
    The main objective of this paper is hence to assess the current status of the pine nuts sector of Primorsky province, and the obstacles and challenges it is currently facing, for identifying the gaps between the needs of the sector and the current conditions, and to suggest the ways to promote an improved institutional and regulatory context, and a possible portfolio of market strategies, both domestic and international.

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    Adventures of the tiger Vladik
                                        Array
    (
        [name] => Adventures of the tiger Vladik 
        [code] => adventures-of-the-tiger-vladik-
        [preview_picture] => /upload/iblock/bc4/Tiger-Vladik.jpg
        [preview_text] => Back in mid-October 2016, none could have ever thought that some unknown young tiger would do a very rash move that almost become fatal for the animal. Crossing the highway, the tiger have got into the lens of a car video recorder.
        [file_name] => 
        [src] => 
        [type] => external
        [author] => Vasily Solkin /Amur WWF Russia, 2017
        [path] => /en/docs/expert/adventures-of-the-tiger-vladik-/
    )
                                    
    Author:

    Vasily Solkin /Amur WWF Russia, 2017

    Back in mid-October 2016, none could have ever thought that some unknown young tiger would do a very rash move that almost become fatal for the animal. Crossing the highway, the tiger have got into the lens of a car video recorder.

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    Saving Far Eastern leopard and much more
                                        Array
    (
        [name] => Saving Far Eastern leopard and much more
        [code] => saving-far-eastern-leopard-and-much-more
        [preview_picture] => /upload/iblock/aed/exp_midori_cover.jpg
        [preview_text] => The protection of apex predators is one of the most difficult tasks in biodiversity conservation. Because they need a large home range with sufficient prey and safety sites for breeding without human disturbance. And of course, because the people fear and the damage on domestic animals. From the MIDORI Prize Winner 2016
        [file_name] => 
        [src] => 
        [type] => external
        [author] => Yury Darman \ WWF Russia, 2020
        [path] => /en/docs/expert/saving-far-eastern-leopard-and-much-more/
    )
                                    
    Author:

    Yury Darman \ WWF Russia, 2020

    The protection of apex predators is one of the most difficult tasks in biodiversity conservation. Because they need a large home range with sufficient prey and safety sites for breeding without human disturbance. And of course, because the people fear and the damage on domestic animals. From the MIDORI Prize Winner 2016

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    Environmental Flow Releases for Wetland Biodiversity Conservation in the Amur River Basin
                                        Array
    (
        [name] => Environmental Flow Releases for Wetland Biodiversity Conservation in the Amur River Basin
        [code] => environmental-flow-releases-for-wetland-conservation
        [preview_picture] => /upload/iblock/50f/header_ecoreg_wetlands_en.jpg
        [preview_text] => Flow regulation by large dams has transformed the freshwater and floodplain ecosystems of the Middle Amur River basin in Northeast Asia, and negatively impacted the biodiversity and fisheries. This study aimed to develop environmental flow recommendations for the Zeya and Bureya rivers based on past flow rate records. The results emphasize the importance of considering environmental flow during the early stages of dam planning and the need to enhance the role of environmental flow in water management planning.
        [file_name] => exp_article_water_flow_Nikitina_en.pdf
        [src] => /upload/iblock/690/exp_article_water_flow_Nikitina_en.pdf
        [type] => inner
        [author] => Oxana I. Nikitina, Valentina G. Dubinina, Mikhail V. Bolgov, Mikhail P. Parilov and Tatyana A. Parilova, 2020
        [path] => /en/docs/expert/environmental-flow-releases-for-wetland-conservation/
    )
                                    
    Author:

    Oxana I. Nikitina, Valentina G. Dubinina, Mikhail V. Bolgov, Mikhail P. Parilov and Tatyana A. Parilova, 2020

    Flow regulation by large dams has transformed the freshwater and floodplain ecosystems of the Middle Amur River basin in Northeast Asia, and negatively impacted the biodiversity and fisheries. This study aimed to develop environmental flow recommendations for the Zeya and Bureya rivers based on past flow rate records. The results emphasize the importance of considering environmental flow during the early stages of dam planning and the need to enhance the role of environmental flow in water management planning.

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  • Climate and energy
                                        Array
    (
        [name] => Climate and energy
        [code] => position-paper
        [preview_picture] => /upload/iblock/1f4/expert_position_climate_en.jpg
        [preview_text] => of Russian non-governmental organizations regarding the 22nd Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP-22) in Marrakesh, Morocco, November 2016

    Position paper adopted by the 9th RSEU conference Climate and Energy – Solutions for the Future, November 3, 2016, tended by 62 representatives of 30 environmental NGO from 7 Federal Districts of Russia.

    [file_name] => position_of_ngos_on_climate_and_energy_cop_22.pdf [src] => /upload/iblock/b8b/position_of_ngos_on_climate_and_energy_cop_22.pdf [type] => inner [author] => 9th RSEU conference Climate and Energy – Solutions for the Future [path] => /en/docs/expert/position-paper/ )
    Author:

    9th RSEU conference Climate and Energy – Solutions for the Future

    of Russian non-governmental organizations regarding the 22nd Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP-22) in Marrakesh, Morocco, November 2016

    Position paper adopted by the 9th RSEU conference Climate and Energy – Solutions for the Future, November 3, 2016, tended by 62 representatives of 30 environmental NGO from 7 Federal Districts of Russia.

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    Trophy hunting for rare species
                                        Array
    (
        [name] => Trophy hunting for rare species
        [code] => trophy-hunting-for-rare-species
        [preview_picture] => /upload/iblock/68b/expert_position_redbook_top.jpg
        [preview_text] => The position of WWF Russia has been and remains unchanged — we are against commercial (trophy) hunting of rare species listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation, since hunting of «Red Book» species contradicts current legislation. At present, all species listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation have been withdrawn (with a number of reservations) from economic circulation
        [file_name] => 
        [src] => 
        [type] => external
        [author] => WWF Russia, 2017
        [path] => /en/docs/expert/trophy-hunting-for-rare-species/
    )
                                    
    Author:

    WWF Russia, 2017

    The position of WWF Russia has been and remains unchanged — we are against commercial (trophy) hunting of rare species listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation, since hunting of «Red Book» species contradicts current legislation. At present, all species listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation have been withdrawn (with a number of reservations) from economic circulation

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    Dams
                                        Array
    (
        [name] => Dams
        [code] => dams
        [preview_picture] => /upload/iblock/944/position_dam_preview.jpg
        [preview_text] => Against the backdrop of a catastrophic decline of biodiversity of freshwater ecosystems and yet another acceleration of dam construction, WWF expresses its disagreement with the creation and operation of environmentally unsafe waterworks that do not comply with the principles and criteria of best practices recognized internationally.
        [file_name] => 
        [src] => 
        [type] => external
        [author] => WWF Russia
        [path] => /en/docs/expert/dams/
    )
                                    
    Author:

    WWF Russia

    Against the backdrop of a catastrophic decline of biodiversity of freshwater ecosystems and yet another acceleration of dam construction, WWF expresses its disagreement with the creation and operation of environmentally unsafe waterworks that do not comply with the principles and criteria of best practices recognized internationally.

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    Catastrophic flooding on Amur and its consequences
                                        Array
    (
        [name] => Catastrophic flooding on Amur and its consequences
        [code] => catastrophic-flooding-on-amur-and-its-consequences
        [preview_picture] => /upload/iblock/dc4/expert_position_flood_amur.jpg
        [preview_text] => Free flowing Amur must have available floodplain so that water can spread out during the flood, causing minimal damage to people. Assessing the consequences of floods, it is difficult to talk about damage to nature, as this is a natural process. We need to talk about the damage to the population, the economy and of possibilities to avoid this damage in the future, adapting to the catastrophic natural phenomenon.
        [file_name] => 
        [src] => 
        [type] => external
        [author] => WWF Russia, 2017
        [path] => /en/docs/expert/catastrophic-flooding-on-amur-and-its-consequences/
    )
                                    
    Author:

    WWF Russia, 2017

    Free flowing Amur must have available floodplain so that water can spread out during the flood, causing minimal damage to people. Assessing the consequences of floods, it is difficult to talk about damage to nature, as this is a natural process. We need to talk about the damage to the population, the economy and of possibilities to avoid this damage in the future, adapting to the catastrophic natural phenomenon.

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    Voluntary forest certification under the FSC scheme
                                        Array
    (
        [name] => Voluntary forest certification under the FSC scheme
        [code] => voluntary-forest-certification-under-the-fsc-scheme
        [preview_picture] => /upload/iblock/732/expert_position_fsc.jpg
        [preview_text] => WWF supports voluntary forest certification under the FSC (Forest Stewardship Council®) scheme both globally and in Russia, as it helps prevent forest degradation and depletion of our planet's forest resources.
    FSC promotes environmentally responsible, socially beneficial and economically viable forest management in the world. For this reason, the whole system is based on the balance of three different groups of interests, i.e. environmental, economic and social, each group has its own chamber in the membership system, the chambers being absolutely equal. [file_name] => [src] => [type] => external [author] => WWF Russia, 2017 [path] => /en/docs/expert/voluntary-forest-certification-under-the-fsc-scheme/ )
    Author:

    WWF Russia, 2017

    WWF supports voluntary forest certification under the FSC (Forest Stewardship Council®) scheme both globally and in Russia, as it helps prevent forest degradation and depletion of our planet's forest resources.
    FSC promotes environmentally responsible, socially beneficial and economically viable forest management in the world. For this reason, the whole system is based on the balance of three different groups of interests, i.e. environmental, economic and social, each group has its own chamber in the membership system, the chambers being absolutely equal.

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    Spawning protection forest river belts
                                        Array
    (
        [name] => Spawning protection forest river belts
        [code] => spawning-protection-forest-river-belts
        [preview_picture] => /upload/iblock/340/expert_position_nerestoohrana.jpg
        [preview_text] => The spawning forest zones is a special category of forests created in 1958 to preserve the coastal zones of water bodies, where the most valuable species of fish, i.e. salmon, sturgeon, and others spawn. These forests protect spawning rivers from adverse effects of industrial logging: soil ablation into the water, excessive spring floods and reduction of the water in summer, and silting spawning grounds.
        [file_name] => 
        [src] => 
        [type] => external
        [author] => WWF Russia, 2019
        [path] => /en/docs/expert/spawning-protection-forest-river-belts/
    )
                                    
    Author:

    WWF Russia, 2019

    The spawning forest zones is a special category of forests created in 1958 to preserve the coastal zones of water bodies, where the most valuable species of fish, i.e. salmon, sturgeon, and others spawn. These forests protect spawning rivers from adverse effects of industrial logging: soil ablation into the water, excessive spring floods and reduction of the water in summer, and silting spawning grounds.

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    Forest fires
                                        Array
    (
        [name] => Forest fires
        [code] => forest-fires
        [preview_picture] => /upload/iblock/b01/experts_position_wildfires.jpg
        [preview_text] => Fires are one of the most significant threats to forests and their biological diversity. Every year, at least 3 million hectares of forests are completely destroyed due to fires, which is 3 times more than the area of forests used annually for logging. 
        [file_name] => 
        [src] => 
        [type] => external
        [author] => WWF Russia, 2020
        [path] => /en/docs/expert/forest-fires/
    )
                                    
    Author:

    WWF Russia, 2020

    Fires are one of the most significant threats to forests and their biological diversity. Every year, at least 3 million hectares of forests are completely destroyed due to fires, which is 3 times more than the area of forests used annually for logging.

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