National protected areas of the Russian Federation: GAP analysis and perspective framework
Russia currently has more than 12,000 national, regional, and local protected areas, covering 200 million hectares or 11.9 percent of the country. In this report WWF recommend a framework for determining appropriate protected area categories and management levels. We analyzed the PA network to determine whether formal categories reflect actual protected regimes. Using GIS data, we analyzed the geographical representativeness of the existing PA network relative to the landscapes, vegetation cover, WWF Ecoregions, diversity of climate types.
In addition to the terrestrial gap analysis, we also analyzed the representativeness of marine protected areas. The existing PA network for Ramsar sites, Important Bird Areas, High Conservation Value Forests and etc are analyzed.
We assessed representativeness and coverage of the PA network for vascular plants, lichens, and vertebrate animals. For other groups, we had to limit the analysis to species included in the Red Data Book of Russia.