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Protected areas

Protected areas

Protected areas or conservation areas are locations which receive protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultural values. There are several kinds of protected areas, which vary by level of protection depending on the enabling laws of each country or the regulations of the international organisations involved. The term "protected area" also includes Marine Protected Areas, the boundaries of which will include some area of ocean, and Transboundary Protected Areas that overlap multiple countries which remove the borders inside the area for conservation and economic purposes.

Protected areas cover 11,7% of the Amur Ecoregion territory: 7,3 million hectares of federal PAs and 7,6 million hectares of provincial PAs including 17 strictly protected areas, 7 national parks, 8 federal and 78 provincial wildlife refuges, 6 nature parks, 6 ecological corridors, and 2 wetlands. Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve is the UNESCO World Heritage site. Five more nature reserves are UNESCO biosphere reserves: Sokhondinsky NR, Far Eastern Marine NR, Dauria NR, Kedrovaya Pad NR and Khankaisky Nature Reserve. Six territories are included in the list of the Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar sites): Khanka Lake, Torey Lakes, Khingan-Arkharinskaya Lowland, Zeya-Bureya Plain, Bolon Lake and Udyl Lake.



  • Amur Green Belt – the network of protected areas in the Amur River Basin
    Author:
    Yuri Darman, Eugene Simonov
    Article by WWF Russia and Coalition: Rivers without borders, 2016

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  • Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity in the Russian Federation
    Author:
    Programme of work on protected areas, 2010
    Compiled by Irina Onufrenya and Polina Zhbanova, WWF-Russia Translation: V.Vinichenko

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  • National protected areas of the Russian Federation: GAP analysis and perspective framework
    Author:
    Vladimir Krever, Mikhail Stishov, Irina Onufrenya, 2009
    Based on the results of the gap analysis, proposals for expanding the national PA network in the Russian Federation are elaborated. Expansion of the protected areas network is meant to improve its representativeness in terms of biodiversity values, to ensure adequate conservation of rare and endangered species and other natural features, and to allow development of recreational opportunities. We describe criteria and key principles used in formulating the perspective framework.

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  • Protected areas in Russia: Legal regulation
    4 Protected areas in Russia: Legal regulation 27 January 2017 | 426 Shows
    Author:
    Edited by A.S. Shestakov, 2003
    An Overview of Federal Laws of Russian Federation

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  • WWF Green belt of Amur
    5 WWF Green belt of Amur 29 October 2019 | 325 Shows
    Author:
    Amur WWF
    The Amur Ecoregion occupies 2.13 million square kilometers within Russia, China, and Mongolia. It includes 15 smaller ecoregions three of which are recognized as of international importance. The Amur River flood plains are an important area for birds’ migration and nesting. The Green Belt of the Amur River, an international program, was initiated by WWF to form the integrated network of protected areas connected with ecological corridors and buffer zones with special emphasis on transboundary ecosystems.

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  • Wetlands of international importance. Buir lake
    Author:
    WWF Mongolia, 2021
    Buir Lake is the largest lake in Eastern Mongolia. The lake and its surrounding wetlands are highly important for the migratory birds located along East Asian-Australian flyway route. In addition, the Lake Buir is abundant by fish stocks so that it has economic importance for local communities.
    Buir Lake and its surrounding wetlands was officially listed as the Ramsar site on March 22, 2004 as they met the first six out of nine criteria for designation and inclusion of areas in the Ramsar Convention List.

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  • Wetlands of international importance. Mongol Daguur
    Author:
    WWF Mongolia, 2021
    Mongol Daguur wetlands are the small sized lakes in Daurian Steppe and wetlands along Ulz River, its surrounding areas in territories of Dashbalbar, Chuluunkhoroot, and Gurvanzagal soums of Dornod province located in the north-eastern of Mongolia. This PA representing a specific intact natural zone was first taken under state protection with a category of “Strictly Protected Area” (SPA) to protect and preserve Daurian steppe wetlands, globally threatened biodiversity and the ecosystem balance.

    The wet Daurian steppe and wetlands comprised of lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams are specific with that they provide the important stopover sites to numerous species of birds migrating from South East Asia to Arctic Ocean and the nesting grounds to numerous species of the waterbirds and shorebirds from tropical countries on their migration flyways. Thus, the wetlands are important not only nationwide but also regionwide and worldwide.

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  • Wetlands of international importance. Ganga Lake
    Author:
    WWF Mongolia, 2021
    Ganga Lake and small lakes in its vicinity are the saline lakes in the steppe formed in depressed areas and surrounded by sand dunes. Geographically, the lakes are located at a transition zone between Steppe and Gobi regions. The lakes and their vicinities are specific with their biodiversity, but very sensitive. Ganga Lake and its surrounding wetlands provide an important nesting, stopover and resting sites for numerous migratory (threatened) bird species met five out of nine criteria for designation and inclusion of areas in the Ramsar Convention List.

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  • Wetlands of international importance. Khurkh-Khuiten
    Author:
    WWF Mongolia, 2021
    The lakes and wetlands in Eastern Mongolia lie along the main route of East AsianAustralian Asian Flyway (EAAF) and become strategically important region for stopover, resting and foraging of thousands of waterbirds and shorebirds migrating from South Asia, Australia to Siberia. As such, the region harbors several internationally recognized important bird areas. One of major wetlands in Eastern Mongolia is wetlands in Khurkh-Khuiten River Valley.

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