Development of market links for non-timber forest products harvested in Russian Far East
This summary condenses the report that investigated the development of market links for non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in the Russian Far East (RFE). Based on resource inventories and management plans completed in the RFE territories, there are indeed marketable materials available for sustainable harvest that can produce benefits for biodiversity conservation as well as the sustainable economic development of the local people including the indigenous Udege and Nanai communities. The basis for analysis is primarily rooted in the exploration of Russian export trade data, existing regulatory status for NFTPs, and market access requirements for food, dietary supplements, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals in the selected target markets of US, Canada, the European Union, China, Japan, and the Russian Federation. Additional layers of analysis consider indicative bulk pricing when available, the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT), private corporate perspectives through selective interviewing and surveying, and trend indicators.
The report recommendations focus on species that already have an established regulatory framework for market access in the largest number of countries, and for which the quantities being collected in the RFE are high. There is high market interest for many of the NFTPs in Europe (mainly extraction houses and distributors in Germany, Italy, France, Spain and UK), USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. The Asian/Chinese markets could be interesting for some of the lesser known NTFPs that are used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). NFTPs that could be marketed as TCM plants are listed within the report as well as a highlight on the niche export market for Sustainably-Produced TCM Botanicals: Schisandra, Siberian ginseng, and Phellodendron amurense. One significant factor in market development is competition by other NTFP material from unregulated harvesting and forests in the area. Another consideration is that some of the prioritized species may not be harvested in sufficient-enough quantities to consider an international approach. For some species, special regional products might be developed specifically for local and regional markets.