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01.04.2022

International Day of Birds. Russia

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The Amur-Heilong basin is the home for more than 100 bird species included in the Red Lists of different levels. They include Oriental stork, white-naped crane and red-crowned crane, Steller's sea eagle, swan goose and other rare bird species. In late autumn they leave Russia for wintering sites in the floodplain of the Songhua River and the Yangtze River in China, as well to Korea and Japan. In late February, the birds return to breeding sites on the Russian bank of the Amur River to build nests, lay eggs and raise their chicks.

Amur-Heilong basin is the most important flight path of migrating birds. Ducks, geese, sandpipers descend in flocks of millions to the lakes and swamps of the tributaries of the great river, rest, wait out the bad weather, strengthen themselves during a multi-day journey. And for 300 species of birds, the Amur Basin is the place where they were born, grew up and return every year to build a nest and breed offspring. It is here that 95% of the world's remaining Far Eastern storks, 65% of Red-crowned crane and 50% of White-naped crane nest.

The World Day of Migratory Birds has been celebrated since 1993 every second Saturday and Sunday in May. This is an environmental campaign aimed at increasing people's knowledge about migratory birds, their habitat, ways of movement and factors that threaten their survival.

The campaign is carried out in many countries of the world. These days there are holidays, various educational programs, exhibitions and excursions for bird watching. Almost every tenth species of migratory birds is threatened with extinction.