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02.02.2020

World Wetlands Day

World Wetlands Day occurs annually on February 2nd, marking the date of the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands on February 2, 1971.

Established to raise awareness about the value of wetlands for humanity and the planet, WWD was celebrated for the first time in 1997 and has grown remarkably since then. Each year, government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and groups of citizens at all levels of the community, have taken advantage of the opportunity to undertake actions aimed at raising public awareness of wetland values and benefits. Some of these benefits include: biologically diverse ecosystems that provide habitat for many species, serve as buffers on the coast against storms and flooding, and naturally filter water by breaking down or transforming harmful pollutants.

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World Wildlife Fund declared the Amur River Basin (Heilong Jiang in Chinese) one of its global priorities. The most important aim in conserving biodiversity of Amur ecoregion is development of the system of protected areas, connected by ecological corridors and buffer zones (ecological network). The name of this program is “The Green Belt of Amur-Heilong” and the Oriental White Stork serves as flagship specie. In the year 2008 the Amur branch of WWF started a program to support Ramsar wetlands. Nowadays in Amur river basin people are poorly informed about the importance of Ramsar wetlands, little awareness exists among the government agencies and local populations of all three countries of the basin. This creates serious difficulties for wetland protection and expansion of protected area.