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International Intelligence Escorts Chinese Amur Tiger and Leopard Conservation

24 october 2018

International Forum of Conservation of Amur Tiger and Leopard was held in Harbin, Oct. 24 to Oct. 25. The forum was organized by the Forestry Department of Heilongjiang Province, Global Environment Facility and The World Bank, co-organized by The Forestry Department of Jilin province, Forestry Industry Department Of Heilongjiang Province, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and Northeast Forestry University. Global views and international intelligence Contributing to Amur Tiger and Leopard Conservation in China with, WWF and its partners has invited 9 wildlife protection experts from Russia, India, Australia and Singapore for experience exchange with domestic experts from protected areas, universities and research institutes.

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The forum has discussed the key issues in Amur tiger and leopard conservation, including habitat recovery, quality improvement, management ability, human-wildlife conflicts resolution, ungulate population recovery, Wildlife damage compensation system and cross-border protection.

Zheng Huaiyu, deputy director-general of Heilongjiang Province Forestry Department  pointed:” Since China and Russia signed the cooperation agreement of Amur tiger protection, we have successfully construct the habitat where Amur tiger can migrate freely. The cooperation is of great significance in wild Amur tiger and leopard‘s population recovery and reproduction.” The population of Amur tiger population and conservation work in Russia, the corridors between China and Russia have offered a solid basis for China’s Amur tiger and leopard protection.

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Russia has rich experience in Amur tiger protection. Pankratov Dmitry, director of Hunting Department of Primorski Province, introduced their full-featured Amur tiger and leopard recovery center, which provides assistance for injured Amur tiger and leopard in Human-wildlife conflicts or in the wild. China has not yet established specialized recovery or therapeutic center for Amur tiger and leopard up to now; the center in Russia sets a good example for Chinese Amur tiger and leopard conservation. Bardyuk Victor, Director of Land of the Leopard National Park Administration showed their general Amur tiger and leopard protection research center in the park, which offers strong technique for scientific and systematic Amur tiger and leopard protection. He said:” the Amur tiger and leopard protection need our joint effort for the greater achievements.”

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Human-wildlife conflicts (HWC) is a hot topic which Amur tiger and leopard protected area faced. Ashley Brooks, from WWF Australia Tigers Alive Initiative (TAI), HWC and habitat Australian expert, introduced HWC SAFE management and evaluation system in details, and its best practice in Indonesia and India. It is useful to study the status quo of Human-wildlife conflicts for prevention and reduction of the conflicts in Chinese Amur tiger and leopard habitat in the future. WWF will actively promote SAFE system in China.

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Amur tiger and leopard are global endangered species. As the they are on the top of the food chain, the conservation of Amur tiger and leopard is protecting biodiversity, containing the balance of forest ecosystem. WWF and its partners devote in protecting Amur tiger and leopard, including Amur tiger and leopard camera trap, anti-poaching, SMART patrolling system and CA|TS Tiger protection standard execution, sustainable community etc. After years’ protection practice of all parties, the number of Amur tiger and leopard population has been growing, the population has spread deeper into Changbai Mountain gradually, the Habitat quality of Amur tiger and leopard has been upgraded, the public protecting awareness and engagement has been improved.

Though the work of Amur tiger and leopard has made some achievement, we need to realize that the problems are still exists: the habitat fragmentation is serious, connectivity between habitats still limited, serious lack of ungulate, the low quality of the habitat, the general management capacity and ranger capacity still need to be improved etc. The Amur tiger and leopard conservation need long-term collaboration, and resolve the difficulties.

The forum has offered platform for communications, sharing results and experience, introducing advanced protection tools and technologies for Amur tiger and leopard protection, promotion of international protection cooperation, which gave a global vision and cases that China’s Amur tiger and leopard, and habitat protection could reference.